Is eco-certification a win-win for developing country agriculture? Organic coffee certification in colombia
According to advocates, eco-certiﬁcation is a win–win solution to the problem of environmental degradation caused bydeveloping country agriculture, improving both the environmental and the economic performance of farmers. However, these notionalbeneﬁts can be undercut by the tendency of relatively wealthy farmers already meeting eco-certiﬁcation standards to disproportionatelyparticipate. Using original farm-level survey data along with matching and matched diﬀerence-in-diﬀerences models, we analyze theproducer-level eﬀects of organic coﬀee certiﬁcation in southeastern Colombia. We ﬁnd that certiﬁcation is associated with changes infarm practices linked to improved environmental outcomes. It signiﬁcantly reduces sewage disposal in the ﬁelds and increases the adop-tion of organic fertilizer. However, we are not able to discern economic beneﬁts.
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- Journal article
- Marcela Ibanez
- Allen Blackman