Is eco-certification a win-win for developing country agriculture? Organic coffee certification in colombia

Lead author: Marcela Ibanez       Year: 2016      

Publication Abstract

According to advocates, eco-certification is a win–win solution to the problem of environmental degradation caused bydeveloping country agriculture, improving both the environmental and the economic performance of farmers. However, these notionalbenefits can be undercut by the tendency of relatively wealthy farmers already meeting eco-certification standards to disproportionatelyparticipate. Using original farm-level survey data along with matching and matched difference-in-differences models, we analyze theproducer-level effects of organic coffee certification in southeastern Colombia. We find that certification is associated with changes infarm practices linked to improved environmental outcomes. It significantly reduces sewage disposal in the fields and increases the adop-tion of organic fertilizer. However, we are not able to discern economic benefits.

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  • Publication type:

    • Journal article
  • Other authors:

    • Marcela Ibanez
    • Allen Blackman
  • Countries:

    • Colombia