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Journal article
The strategic use of decentralized institutions: exploring certification with the ISO 14001 management standard

2005 | Andrew King

In this article, we respond to calls by previous researchers to clarify the function of decentralized institutions by analyzing the strategic motives of individual actors. We investigated an important type of decentralized institution, certified management standards, and theorized that firms use the...

Journal article
Is voluntary certification of tropical agricultural commodities achieving sustainability goals for small-scale producers? A review of the evidence

2017 | Ruth Defries

Over the last several decades, voluntary certification programs have become a key approach to promote sustainable supply chains for agricultural commodities. These programs provide premiums and other benefits to producers for adhering to environmental and labor practices established by the certifyin...

Journal article
What is in a label? Rainforest-Alliance certified banana production versus non-certified conventional banana production

2016 | Angelina Bellamy

Export banana production in Latin America is pesticide intensive, receiving much negative publicity regarding human health problems and environmental degradation. The Rainforest Alliance (RA) certification scheme was established to certify farms that met a number of social, occupation health and env...

Institutional publication
Relationship Between ISO 9001 and Financial Performance: a Meta-analysis

2013 | Basak Manders

The ISO 9001 standard for quality management has been implemented by more than 1,000,000 organizations worldwide. It has received a high degree of attention in existing literature. However, findings about the impact of ISO 9001 certification on financial performance are not consistent in the literat...

Journal article
The role of fair trade certification for wages and job satisfaction of plantation workers

2018 | Katharina Krumbiegel

Worker welfare and employment conditions in the agri-food-producing and processing sectors in the global south have become an increasing concern for consumers. Sustainability standards, such as Fairtrade, play an important role in agri-food markets of horticultural produce and may be a tool to addre...

Journal article
Reviewing the impact of sustainability certification on food security in developing countries

2020 | Philip Schleifer

The article identifies the main causal mechanisms that link sustainability certification to local food security. Existing evidence points to a positive, albeit weak and highly context-dependent, relationship between certification, farmers' income, and local food security. Certification's ...

Journal article
Fairtrade, certification, and labor: global and local tensions in improving conditions for agricultural workers

2014 | Laura Raynolds

This study looks at the impact of Fairtrade on labour rights using a case study in the flower production undustry in Ecuador. The analysis highlights how tensions between the traditional market (rooted in competition, efficiency and standardization) and alternative domestic and civil conventions ...

Journal article
Does Fair Trade Deliver on its core value proposition? Effects on income, educational attainment and health in three countries

2009 | Eric Arnould

Alternative trade organizations (ATOs) based on philosophies of social justice and/or environmental well-being are establishing new channels of trade and marketing. Partisans promote ATOs as systems to transfer benefits from consumers in the wealthy northern hemisphere to producers in the poor south...

Journal article
Social impacts of the Forest Stewardship Council certification in the Congo basin

2017 | Paolo Cerutti

We assess whether the implementation of the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification scheme in the Congo basin has had positive additional impacts-as compared to existing regulatory frameworks applied in noncertified Forest Management Units (FMU)-on (1) the working and living conditions of log...

Journal article
The effects of Fair Trade on affiliated producers: an impact analysis on Kenyan Farmers

2008 | Leonardo Becchetti

We analyse the impact of fair trade (FT) affiliation on monetary and non-monetary measures of well-being in a sample of Kenyan farmers. Our descriptive and econometric findings document significant differences in terms of varieties of products sold, price satisfaction, monthly household food consump...

Journal article
Worker welfare on Kenyan export vegetable farms

2014 | Christoph Ehlert

In this paper the authors analyse the impact of GlobalGAP on workers welfare and whether the farm size affects that impact. They measure welfaire in terms of human capital, income, physical and mental health. In response to their hypothesis, the find that certification with GlobalGAP does have a pos...

Journal article
Can private food standards promote gender equality in the small farm sector?

2018 | Eva-Marie Meemken

Agricultural commercialization can help to lift subsistence farmers out of poverty, but can also have adverse effects on gender equality. We explore whether private food standards – with their particular elements to regulate production and trade – could serve as a vehicle to promote gender equality ...

Journal article
Impacts of Fair Trade-certification on Coffee Farmers, Cooperatives and Laborers, in Nicaragua

2008 | Joni Valkila

This paper analyzes the possibilities and challenges of Fair Trade certification as a movement seeking to improve the well-being of small-scale coffee growers and coffee laborers in the global South. Six months of fieldwork was conducted in 2005–2006 to study the roles of a wide range of farmers, la...

Journal article
The effect of fair trade affiliation on child schooling: evidence from a sample of Chilean honey producers

2013 | Leonardo Becchetti

We evaluate the impact of Fair Trade (FT) affiliation on child schooling within a sample of Chilean honey producers with a retrospective panel data approach. From a theoretical point of view, we argue that FT should have a positive effect on child schooling since it generates a short-run pure income...

Journal article
Gender, health, labor, and inequities: a review of the fair and alternative trade literature

2013 | Vincent Terstappen

Although research into fair and alternative trade networks has increased significantly in recent years, very little synthesis of the literature has occurred thus far, especially for social considerations such as gender, health, labor, and equity. We draw on insights from critical theorists to reflec...

Journal article
The impacts of cocoa sustainability initiatives in West Africa

2018 | Verina Ingram

To tackle the multiple challenges facing the cocoa sector, voluntary sustainability standards and corporate initiatives, largely focusing on farm and farmer group scale, are often implemented by public–private–civil society partnerships of stakeholders further in the value chain. This paper looks at...

Journal article
An agenda for assessing and improving conservation impacts of sustainability standards in tropical agriculture

2014 | Jeffrey Milder

This paper looks at the state of research on the the benefits of sustainability standards for agriculture and conservation. In a context where sustainability standards are gaining importance, the authors identify a lack of empirical studies and robust evidence regarding the conservation impacts o...

Journal article
Effects of fair trade and organic certifications on small-scale coffee farmer households in Central America and Mexico

2010 | Ernesto Mendez

We provide a review of sustainable coffee certifications and results from a quantitative analysis of the effects of Fair Trade, organic and combined Fair Trade/organic certifications on the livelihood strategies of 469 households and 18 cooperatives of Central America and Mexico. Certified household...

Journal article
Social and environmental impacts of forest management certification in Indonesia

2015 | Daniela Miteva

In response to unsustainable timber production in tropical forest concessions, voluntary forest management certification programs such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) have been introduced to improve environmental, social, and economic performance over existing management practices. However, ...

Journal article
Effects of fair trade certification on social capital: the case of Rwandan coffee producers

2012 | Sara Elder

Fair Trade certification may have important social effects on small-scale producers but empirical evidence is limited. We conducted logistic regressions using data from a 2009 survey of Rwandan coffee farmers to estimate the link between Fair Trade and social capital—measured as farmer trust and par...