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Member publication
The influence of standards on the Nordic economies

2018 | Menon Economics

This study gives a broad perspective on the impact of standardization in the Nordic Economies (Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland and Iceland. It finds, via a macroeconomic study, that standardization has contributed to increased labor productivity and GDP growth in all of the Nordic countries. It als...

Journal article
Trade barriers or trade facilitators? The heterogeneous impact of food standards in international trade

2019 | Hege Medin

This study presents a theoretical foundation to support the "dual face of standards", a term referencing the heterogeneous impact of standards on international trade. It also provides new empirical data on the impact of food standardization for Norwegian seafood export, with as main result that whi...

Journal article
Help or hindrance? The impact of harmonized standards on african exports

2009 | Witold Czubala

This study looks at the impacts of EU standards on African Exports of textiles, clothing and footwear, focusing on voluntary technical regulations. The key issue the authors are trying to address is how to limit the costs and negative spillovers that product standards can bring. They contend that...

Journal article
Is eco-certification a win-win for developing country agriculture? Organic coffee certification in colombia

2016 | Marcela Ibanez

According to advocates, eco-certification is a win–win solution to the problem of environmental degradation caused bydeveloping country agriculture, improving both the environmental and the economic performance of farmers. However, these notionalbenefits can be undercut by the tendency of relatively w...

International Standardization as a Strategic Tool

2006 | IEC

This IEC book is a compilation of commended papers from the IEC Centenary Challenge, a competition for papers on the economic, business and social impact of International Standards on business. The competition was organized in association with The Economist magazine and in partnership with three lea...

Member publication
The Economic Benefits of Standards to New Zealand

2011 | Business and Economic Research Limited

The Standards Council of New Zealand, and several industry stakeholders, co-sponsored Business and Economic Research Ltd (BERL) to undertake a project to measure the economic effects of Standards on the New Zealand economy, in particular in the building and construction sector. The project invol...

Member publication
The Economic Impact of Standardization: Technological Change, Standards Growth in France

2009 | AFNOR

The AFNOR study, which was authored by AFNOR's Marketing and Innovation Department, comprises two dimensions: Firstly, a macroeconomic analysis in order to assess the relationship between standards and growth in the long term. This analysis is based on a methodology which was used for the first t...

Institutional publication
The Economics of Standardization

2000 | Peter Swann

This study, undertaken by the Manchester Business School for the UK Department of trade and industry (DTI), provides an overview and classification of the literature on standardization and different ways of standards setting (formal standards setting process versus consortia process). Standardizatio...

Member publication
Economic Benefits of Standardization

2000 | DIN German Institute for Standardization

In recent years, technical standardization has been the subject of numerous academicresearch projects. Although these projects did not ignore economic aspects,they lacked the theoretical background necessary for a detailed analysis. Industryhas become increasingly interested in assessing its econ...

Member publication
Standards and the Economy

2006 | Centre for International Economics

This report provides an analysis, and where possible quantification, of the impact of standards on the Australian economy.


Member publication
The Economic Benefits of Standardisation

2012 | Standards Australia

The imperative for sustainable economic growth has attracted an impressive body of economic research to better understand its determinants. Driving much of this research has been the neoclassical view of outputs as a function of physical and human capital as well as productivity1. The relationshi...

Member publication
The Economic Benefits of Standardization: An update of the study carried out by DIN in 2000

2011 | Knut Blind

No abstract available 


Member publication
The Economic Contribution of Standards to the UK Economy

2015 | Centre for Economics and Business Research Limited

This report provides a comprehensive examination of how standards – in their important role as diffusers of technology and promoters of efficiency in businesses – have impacted UK economic growth. The report and underlying study were commissioned by the British Standards Institution (...

Journal article
The Economic Impact of Standards in Belgium

2020 | Caroline Buts

While several past studies have measured the impact of standards on indicators such as output and productivity for a variety of countries, a quantitative analysis that focuses on Belgium has not been performed yet. Based on a dataset containing sector level data spanning 25 years (1994-2018), the...

Institutional publication
Standards & Economic Growth: ISO Members’ Research on the Impact of Standards on Their National Economies

2021 | ISO

Many of us believe that standards have a positive impact on society, but with such a large range of standards types and topics, how can we measure this impact? ISO members around the globe have probed this question, asking ‘what is the impact of standards on our national economy’? We ...

Journal article
The influence of standards and patents on long-term economic growth

2021 | Knut Blind

Formal standards codify knowledge. Next to patents representing the generation of innovative knowledge, standards can hence be used to proxy the diffusion of innovative knowledge in macroeconomic growth models. Previous work mainly investigates the positive impact of in particular patents, but al...

Member publication
Economic Value of Standardization

2007 | Standards Council of Canada

The Standards Council of Canada (SCC) retained The Conference Board of Canada to undertake a study to examine the impact of standardization on the Canadian economy. The study was based on research methodology that was originally used in Germany (DIN 2000) and the United Kingdom (BSI 2005) and adapte...

Institutional publication
Technical Barriers to Trade, Product Quality and Trade Margins: Firm-level evidence

2022 | DOAN Thi Thanh Ha

Utilizing matched firm-trade data, this study examines the effect of technical barriers to trade (TBTs) on trade margins and quality upgrading in Chinese manufacturing. We find that TBTs are associated with higher probability of exit. Surviving exporters enjoy larger sales and charge higher expor...