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Institutional publication
Europe as a global standard-setter: The strategic importance of European standardisation

2020 | Johan Bjerkem

No abstract available. 

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Book
Managing innovation and standards: A case in the European heating industry

2019 | Paul Wiegmann

No summary available...

Institutional publication
International Standards and Trade - A Review of the Empirical Literature

2010 | Peter Swann

This paper reviews empirical studies that have investigated how international standards impact trade. It looks at different kinds of studies, from econometric studies to studies based on surveys of exporting firms. It concludes that the available literature does not provide a single answer to the qu...

Journal article
What improves environmental performance? Evidence from Mexican Industry

2000 | Susmita Dasgupta

This paper uses new survey evidence to analyze the effects of regulation, plant-level management policies, and other factors on the environmental compliance of Mexican manufacturers. In Mexico and other developing countries, many plants avoid complying with regulations because monitoring and enforce...

Institutional publication
Assessing the impact of sanitary, phytosanitary and technical requirements on food and agricultural trade: what does current research tell us?

2013 | Sofia Boza

This paper reviews empirical studies that have investigated how SPS/TBT measures impact trade in the food and agricultural sector. The author concludes that research supports the existence of a 'dual effect' of SPS-TBT measures on international trade of food and agricultural products, wit...

Institutional publication
Food Safety Standards: Economic and Market Impacts in Developing Countries

2014 | Laurian Unnevehr

Compliance with public and private food safety standards has been the subject of increasing attention. Much of the literature on impacts of food safety regulation in developed countries focuses on public health. In poorer countries, the emphasis is on economic development. How standards shape access...

Institutional publication
International Standards and Trade: What does the research say?

2020 | Ben Shepherd

The relationship between standards and trade is a topic of great interest in the standardization community. In this synthesis review, a selection of emblematic studies draws together findings on the impacts of standards on trade across multiple contexts. With this, we can draw some conclusions ab...

Journal article
Standards-as-Barriers versus Standards-as-Catalysts: Assessing the Impact of HACCP Implementation on U.S. Seafood Imports

2009 | Sven Anders

The paper analyses the effects of the US implementing mandatory seafood (HACCP) food safety standards on export partners. The authors first review existing empirical literature on food safety and the potential impact of increased food safety standards on international trade and the seafood market. ...

Institutional publication
Standards as Barriers to Trade - and how technical assistance can help

2004 | Digby Gascoine

This trade brief discusses the significance of technical requirements as barriers to trade taking a development perspective. It provides an overview of the situation and why it is difficult for developing countries to implement SPS/TBT measures. The author suggest that the costs of risks assessme...

Book
Standards and Global Trade: A Voice for Africa

2003 | John Wilson

The book provides information, and guidance for policymakers, the development community, and others in the critical area of "behind the border" barriers to trade. With a view to promoting efforts to strengthen Africa's capacity to meet trade standards, and comply with technical regulations, the book...

Conference materials
Standards and conformity assessment in trade: minimising barriers and maximising benefits

2005 | OECD

A compilation of submissions to the Workshop and Policy Dialogue organized under the auspices of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, the Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour and Inwent (Capacity Building International, Germany) in Berlin, Germany on 21-22 November 2005...

Institutional publication
The Cost of Compliance with Product Standards for Firms in Developing Countries: An Econometric Study

2005 | Keith Maskus

Standards and technical regulations exist to protect consumer safety or to achieve other goals, such as ensuring the interoperability of telecommunications systems, for example. Standards and technical regulations can, however, raise substantially both start-up and production costs for firms. For th...

Member publication
Standardization Solutions to Remove Trade Barriers in Canada

2018 | Standards Council of Canada

The case studies and priorities outlined in this report will help steer the conversation on how to continue to align standards in order to reduce red tape and administrative burden for Canadian businesses and lead to healthier economic growth in a way that is sustainable and beneficial for Canadians...

Member publication
Conformity Assessment in Canada: Understanding the Value and Implications for Internal Trade

2018 | Diane Liao

This publication explain the conformity assessment process, provides an overview of the conformity assessment industry in Canada and discussess conformity assessment as a technical barrier to trade. Implications of the misalignment of regulations and conformity assessment practices across Canada are...

Journal article
Regulatory impact of environmental standards on the eco-efficiency of firms

2015 | Christoph Bremberger

In this paper, we propose an approach to implement environmental standards into Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and in this way to measure their regulatory impact on eco-efficiency of firms. One standard feature of basic DEA models lies in the exogeneity of inputs, desirable and undesirable outputs....

Journal article
Voluntary regulations and innovation: the case of ISO 14001

2014 | Sijeong Lim

Governments enact environmental regulations to compel firms to internalize pollution externalities. Critics contend that regulations encourage technological lock‐ins and stifle innovation. Challenging this view, the Porter‐Linde hypothesis suggests that appropriately designed regulations can spur in...

Journal article
The impact of standards and regulation on innovation in uncertain markets

2017 | Knut Blind

This study analyses the impact of formal standards and regulation on firms’ innovation efficiency, considering different levels of market uncertainty. We argue that formal standards and regulation have different effects, depending on the extent of market uncertainty derived from theoretical consider...

Member publication
Guidelines for Incorporating Standards by Reference in Regulations to Support Public Policy Objectives

2018 | Standards Council of Canada

This publication provides guidelines on the use of standards to support public policy objectives via regulation. It is not a research study, but it is included here because it may be of interest to those conducting research on standards and regulation/public policy....

Journal article
Does Eco-Certification Boost Regulatory Compliance in Developing Countries? ISO 14001 in Mexico

2012 | Allen Blackman

Private sector initiatives certifying that producers of goods and services adhere to defined environmental process standards are increasingly popular worldwide. According to proponents, they can circumvent chronic barriers to effective public sector environmental regulation in developing countries. ...

Journal article
Environmental Management Systems and Company Performance: Assessing the case for extending risk-based regulations

2003 | Kristina Dahlström

Across Europe, there is considerable interest in establishing stronger links between environmental regulation and standards for environmental management systems (EMSs) such as ISO 14001. If it can be demonstrated that possession of an EMS results in improved environmental or regulatory performance, ...