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Institutional publication
Quantifying the Impact of Technical Barriers to Trade; A Framework for Analysis

2000 | Keith Maskus

There has been increasing use of technical regulations as instruments of commercial policy in the context of multilateral, regional, and global trade. These nontariff barriers are of special concern to developing countries, which may bear additional costs in meeting mandatory standards. Many industr...

Book
Standards and Global Trade: A Voice for Africa

2003 | John Wilson

The book provides information, and guidance for policymakers, the development community, and others in the critical area of "behind the border" barriers to trade. With a view to promoting efforts to strengthen Africa's capacity to meet trade standards, and comply with technical regulations, the book...

Conference materials
Standards and conformity assessment in trade: minimising barriers and maximising benefits

2005 | OECD

A compilation of submissions to the Workshop and Policy Dialogue organized under the auspices of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, the Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour and Inwent (Capacity Building International, Germany) in Berlin, Germany on 21-22 November 2005...

Other
The Impact of Innovation and Standards on German-French Trade Flows

2005 | Andre Jungmittag

The paper analyses the effects of patents as indicators for innovations and standards on the German-French trade flows. The results show that primarily Germany's innovative capacity can explain its export performance in France and not its strength in standards. Second, the stocks of international st...

Journal article
The impact of environmental management systems (EMSs) and ISO 14001 standards on corporate performance: a systematic literature review

2017 | Dajana Grandic

This paper is based on the systematic literature review method and investigates the impacts of the EMS and ISO 14001 Standards towards corporate performance. Two units are considered through the methodology of research; firm size and market orientation. The evidence comes from the analysed dataset o...

ISO methodology
ISO Methodology Case Study: DanPer Trujillo and Civil Association FríoAéreo, Peru

2011 | ISO

Peru is among the leading exporters of asparagus. Considering the Peruvian asparagus value chain, the National Institute for the Protection of Competition and Intellectual Property (INDECOPI), together with the Peruvian Standardization and Non-tarriff Barriers Surveillance Commision, decided to anal...

Institutional publication
International Standards and Trade: What does the research say?

2020 | Ben Shepherd

The relationship between standards and trade is a topic of great interest in the standardization community. In this synthesis review, a selection of emblematic studies draws together findings on the impacts of standards on trade across multiple contexts. With this, we can draw some conclusions ab...

Institutional publication
Standards as Barriers to Trade - and how technical assistance can help

2004 | Digby Gascoine

This trade brief discusses the significance of technical requirements as barriers to trade taking a development perspective. It provides an overview of the situation and why it is difficult for developing countries to implement SPS/TBT measures. The author suggest that the costs of risks assessme...

Journal article
Help or hindrance? The impact of harmonized standards on african exports

2009 | Witold Czubala

This study looks at the impacts of EU standards on African Exports of textiles, clothing and footwear, focusing on voluntary technical regulations. The key issue the authors are trying to address is how to limit the costs and negative spillovers that product standards can bring. They contend that...

Institutional publication
Assessing the impact of sanitary, phytosanitary and technical requirements on food and agricultural trade: what does current research tell us?

2013 | Sofia Boza

This paper reviews empirical studies that have investigated how SPS/TBT measures impact trade in the food and agricultural sector. The author concludes that research supports the existence of a 'dual effect' of SPS-TBT measures on international trade of food and agricultural products, wit...

Institutional publication
Product Standards and Firms' Export Decisions

2015 | Ana Fernandes

This paper examines the importance of standards in influencing whether firms in developing countries export opportunities agricultural and food products. Overall, the authors demonstrate that more stringent SPS standards in importing markets have a negative effect on developing country firm expor...

Journal article
Trade barriers or trade facilitators? The heterogeneous impact of food standards in international trade

2019 | Hege Medin

This study presents a theoretical foundation to support the "dual face of standards", a term referencing the heterogeneous impact of standards on international trade. It also provides new empirical data on the impact of food standardization for Norwegian seafood export, with as main result that whi...

Journal article
Product Standards, Harmonization, and Trade: Evidence from the Extensive Margin

2007 | Ben Shepherd

This paper provides empirical support for the view that international harmonization can reduce possible negative impacts of product standards on developing country exporters. It focuses on the extensive margin of trade (new products), asking whether harmonization can promote an increase in export va...

Institutional publication
Food Safety Standards: Economic and Market Impacts in Developing Countries

2014 | Laurian Unnevehr

Compliance with public and private food safety standards has been the subject of increasing attention. Much of the literature on impacts of food safety regulation in developed countries focuses on public health. In poorer countries, the emphasis is on economic development. How standards shape access...

Institutional publication
Impact of Food Safety Standards on Processed Food Exports from Developing Countries

2009 | Juthathip Jongwanich

This paper analyses the impacts of food safety standards on processed food exports in developing countries using a cross-sectional econometric analysis. The empirical analysis shows that strict food safety standards in importing developed countries tend to be trade reducing for developing countries ...

Institutional publication
International Standards and Trade - A Review of the Empirical Literature

2010 | Peter Swann

This paper reviews empirical studies that have investigated how international standards impact trade. It looks at different kinds of studies, from econometric studies to studies based on surveys of exporting firms. It concludes that the available literature does not provide a single answer to the qu...