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Journal article
Product Standards, Harmonization, and Trade: Evidence from the Extensive Margin

2007 | Ben Shepherd

This paper provides empirical support for the view that international harmonization can reduce possible negative impacts of product standards on developing country exporters. It focuses on the extensive margin of trade (new products), asking whether harmonization can promote an increase in export va...

Journal article
The influence of standards and patents on long-term economic growth

2021 | Knut Blind

Formal standards codify knowledge. Next to patents representing the generation of innovative knowledge, standards can hence be used to proxy the diffusion of innovative knowledge in macroeconomic growth models. Previous work mainly investigates the positive impact of in particular patents, but al...