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Journal article
Reviewing the impacts of coffee certification programmes on smallholder livelihoods

2017 | Joshua Bray

Certification programmes and voluntary standards for sustainability are now a commonfeature of many agricultural landscapes worldwide. The rapid expansion of such programmes has only recently been accompanied by concerted attempts to assess the lived experience of enrolled producers. This article re...

Institutional publication
Standards as Barriers to Trade - and how technical assistance can help

2004 | Digby Gascoine

This trade brief discusses the significance of technical requirements as barriers to trade taking a development perspective. It provides an overview of the situation and why it is difficult for developing countries to implement SPS/TBT measures. The author suggest that the costs of risks assessme...